Contract and Tort Law Laos

Contract and Tort Law in Laos: A Comprehensive Guide

Laos is a landlocked country located in Southeast Asia and shares its borders with Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar, and China. Laos has a mixed legal system that is influenced by both the French Civil Law and customary law. The legal system is primarily based on the 1991 Constitution of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic and the Civil and Commercial Code.

Contract Law in Laos

Contract law in Laos governs agreements made between two or more parties. The Civil and Commercial Code provides the basic framework for contracts in Laos. The Code governs the formation, validity, and interpretation of contracts. It also provides remedies for breaches of contracts.

In Laos, contracts can be either in writing or oral, but it is advisable to have contracts in writing to avoid any disputes. The parties to a contract can choose the language of the contract, but if there is any dispute, the contract will be interpreted according to Lao law.

A contract in Laos is formed when there is an offer by one party and an acceptance of the offer by the other. The parties must also agree on the terms of the contract. The terms of the contract must be clear and unambiguous.

If one party breaches the contract, the other party can claim damages or specific performance. The amount of damages is usually an amount that will put the non-breaching party in the position they would have been in if the contract had been fulfilled.

Tort Law in Laos

Tort law in Laos governs civil wrongs that are committed by one person against another. The Civil and Commercial Code provides the basic framework for torts in Laos. The Code recognizes the following torts:

1. Negligence: This occurs when a person fails to exercise reasonable care and causes harm to another person.

2. Defamation: This occurs when a person makes false and damaging statements about another person.

3. Nuisance: This occurs when a person interferes with another person’s use and enjoyment of their property.

4. Trespass: This occurs when a person enters or interferes with another person’s property without permission.

If a person commits a tort, the injured party can claim damages for the harm suffered. The amount of damages will depend on the extent of the harm suffered.


Contract and tort law are crucial for any business or individual operating in Laos. It is, therefore, essential to have a good understanding of the basic principles of contract and tort law in Laos. If you are entering into a contract in Laos or have suffered harm due to a tort, it is advisable to seek legal advice from a qualified lawyer in Laos.